A feminist-inspired multi-stakeholder engagement framework and tools for evolving and enacting social, computational, and legal agreements that govern the lifecycle of an AI system.
  1. Co-constitution

  2. Addressing friction

  3. Informed refusal

  4. Contestability and complaint

  5. Disclosure-centered mediation

Scenarios (coming soon)
  • Gender-Equity
  • Healthcare
  • Education
  • Content Moderation

Learn more about the framework and contact us at: bogdana@mozillafoundation.org

In service
of you and a vision for improved transparency and human agency in the interactions between people and algorithmic systems:
  • Bogdana Rakova, Mozilla Foundation, Senior Trustworthy AI Fellow
  • Megan Ma, Assistant Director, Stanford Center for Legal Informatics
  • Renee Shelby, Sociology Department and Legal Studies Program, Georgia Institute of Technology

Graphic design by Yan Li.

With the kind support of Mozilla Foundation.


Disclosure-centered mediation

TwSw interventions are centered on the agency and autonomy of individuals in their repeated interactions with AI models. We propose the use of disclosures of the potential for algorithmic harms ex-ante as well as the use of disclosures to facilitate a mediation process when harms occur.

Mediation practices, including apology, have played a significant role in existing fields of law, particularly in circumstances of medical error. Expressions of regret recognize imperfection and the space for change. Similarly, we see TwSw as embodying an analogous enforcement mechanism; one that can enable an alternative apology-centered mediation.

We encourage practitioners to ask: What does meaningful consent mean? How would you expand traditional terms of service, privacy policies, community guidelines, and other end-user license agreements to include disclosure about the use of AI and its potential impacts? What needs to be disclosed and to whom? How could we enable safe collective sensemaking with regards to potential harms due to protected class attributes (i.e. gender, race) used or inferred by the AI systems? What actions can be taken as part of a disclosure-centered transformative justice approach to mediation of algorithmic harms or risks?

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  • Chipidza FE, Wallwork RS and Stern TA (2015) Impact of the doctor-patient relationship. The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders 17(5): 27354.
  • Davis JL, Williams A, and Yang MW (2021) Algorithmic reparation. Big Data & Society 8(2).
  • Ho DE (2012) Fudging the nudge: Information disclosure and restaurant grading. The Yale Law Journal 122: 574-688.
  • Raji ID, Kumar IE, Horowitz A and Selbst A (2022) The fallacy of AI functionality. In Proceedings of 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency (pp. 959-972)
  • Norval C, Cornelius K, Cobbe J and Singh J (2022) Disclosure by design: Designing information disclosures to support meaningful transparency and accountability. In Proceedings of the 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency (pp. 679-690)
  • Robbennolt JK (2009) Apologies and medical error. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 467(2): 376-382
  • Wall JA and Dunne TC (2012) Mediation research: A current review. Negotiation Journal, 28(2), pp.217-244