TwSw interventions see refusal as a generative practice - given the opportunity to opt out, individuals are inspired to provide technology companies their critical feedback about what needs to change for them to opt in. The concept of informed refusal comes from Ruha Benjamin’s work where she compares it to the concept of informed consent in medical law, arguing for a justice-oriented approach to constructing more reciprocal relationships between institutions and communities.
We encourage practitioners to ask: What are the assumptions and problem formulations that underpin a particular AI model or system? Who gets to define the default conditions? What does consent mean and what forms does it take? What is the temporal dynamics of consent and its refusal?
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